National Soil Atlas of Georgia
It is well known that geographic atlas is systematic units that are united around single idea, expression and is published as an album or a book. The origin of the word “atlas” is connected with atlas published by Gerardus Mercator at the end of XVI century. Mercator’s atlas on title page had painting of mythological giant “atalant” (greek atlas), that was holding universe on his shoulders. During the centuries were published many atlases including that were consisting from several volumes. There are many modern geographic atlases and soil atlases are not exclusion.
First and by far the only atlas of the soils of Georgia was published in 1984 by editing of professors G. Talakhadze and I. Anjaparidze. The authors were mentioning that an atlas is an illustrative scientific document that can serve as a tool in production and scientific work by practitioners and researchers.
The first soil atlas of Georgia was consisting short notices about soil formation factors of Georgia and systematics of soil cover in the country. The atlas was based on the soil map of Georgia (1 : 400 000, 1979). In the atlas were presented colour pictures of soil profiles (76).
This atlas is founded on new soil map of Georgia (1 : 500 000, 1999). The main authors of the map were awarded state award in science and technology. In the atlas is provided information (texts and maps) about soil formation factors (relief, geology, climate, vegetation) in Georgia. Detailed description of particular soil genetic peculiarities (landscape, soil profile pictures) are provided and geographic expression of the main properties.
The main part is presented by three parts of soil profile (Upper, Middle, Lower). All given graphic materials are accompanied by Georgian and English explanatory texts.
On creation of atlas were working not only soil scientists but also biochemists that in this point of view is the first attempt in the world scientific literature.
The atlas is available in electronic version. Please check frequently for updates.